[1]李明超. 中世纪西欧城市文学中妻子形象的历史社会学初探[J].城市学刊,2017,38(02):96-101.
 LI Mingchao. On Wives’ Image in Urban Literature of Medieval Western EuropeViewpoint of Historical Sociology[J].Journal of urban studies,2017,38(02):96-101.
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 中世纪西欧城市文学中妻子形象的历史社会学初探()
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《城市学刊》[ISSN:1006-6977/CN:61-1281/TN]

卷:
38
期数:
2017年02
页码:
96-101
栏目:
城市文学
出版日期:
2017-03-20

文章信息/Info

Title:
 On Wives’ Image in Urban Literature of Medieval Western Europe
Viewpoint of Historical Sociology
作者:
 李明超
 杭州国际城市学研究中心暨浙江省城市治理研究中心,杭州 310002
Author(s):
 LI Mingchao
 Hangzhou International Urbanology Research Center i.e. Zhejiang Governance Research Center, Hangzhou, Zhejiang  China, 310002
关键词:
 城市文学妻子形象婚姻生活家庭生活历史社会
Keywords:
 urban literature image of wife married life family life historical society
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
 文学同样存在历史社会学的解读空间,任何文学形象的雏形、成型、传播与当时的社会发展历程密切相关。受中世纪西欧宗教文学和城市市民社会性别观的影响,城市文学对女性充满了蔑视,认为女性在性格、品质、语言和婚姻等方面具有缺陷,并主要针对妻子在家庭中越轨的言行进行描述,具体表现为婚姻生活中出轨的妻子形象和日常生活中多嘴的妻子形象。城市文学结合家庭生活塑造的妻子形象反映出男性在面对女性地位问题时的焦虑与矛盾,是对当时西欧城市社会等级和性别观念变化的展现。从历史社会学的角度来看,妻子形象的社会成因主要包括对教会文本和骑士文学女性观的批判与继承、黑死病的冲击和对传统观念的反叛、女性地位的提高引发男性的恐慌。
Abstract:
 Literature is also of the interpretation space of historical sociology, the embryo, forming and dissemination of any literary image is closely related to the social development of the time. Influenced by the views of ecclesiastical literature and urban burghers on the female, women were disdained for their serious defects on temperament, quality, language and marriage in urban literature. And their images were mainly described on the out réwords and deeds, concretely represented as callets caused by wives’ deviating on body in marriage and big mouths evoked by wives’ linguistic aberration in house. In the urban literature, wives’ image not only reflected the male’s anxiety and antinomy in front of the female’s status, but also incarnated the urban society’s changes and burgher’s gender idea of Western Europe. In the point of historical sociology, reasons on the appearance of this kind of image were criticizing and inheritance of church’s texts and chivalric literature, impact of Black Death and rebellion to traditional thoughts, as well as male’s panic incurred by the raising of female’s position.
更新日期/Last Update: 2017-06-28